The Test Of English as a Foreign Language or TOEFL just like IELTS is a test of an individual’s ability to use and understand english in an academic setting.it really meant for those going overseas for studies
PURPOSE OF THE TOEFL CERTIFICATION
The purpose of the TOEFL test is to evaluate the English proficiency of people who are non-native English speakers. In addition, international companies, government agencies, scholarship programs, and recruitment agencies use TOEFL scores to evaluate English proficiency. The TOEFL test or certification is cbt based in nigeria. it also combines many of the same question types as the traditional paper-based test with new question types. This is an easy-to-use testing system for even the most basic computer users in Nigeria and other parts of the world
INTERNET-BASED TEST (IBT)
READING The Reading section consists of 3–4 passages, each approximately 700 words in length and questions about the passages. The passages are on academic topics; they are the kind of material that might be found in an undergraduate university textbook. Passages require understanding of rhetorical functions such as cause-effect, compare-contrast and argumentation. Students answer questions about main ideas, details, inferences, essential information, sentence insertion, vocabulary, rhetorical purpose and overall ideas. New types of questions in the iBT require filling out tables or completing summaries. Prior knowledge of the subject under discussion is not necessary to come to the correct answer.
The Listening section consists of six passages 3–5 minutes in length
and questions about the passages. These passages include two student conversations and four academic lectures or discussions. A conversation involves two speakers, a student and either a professor or a campus service provider. A lecture is a self-contained portion of
an academic lecture, which may involve student participation and does not assume specialized background knowledge in the subject area. Each conversation and lecture stimulus is heard only once. Test-takers may take notes while they listen and they may refer to their notes when they answer the questions. Each conversation is associated with five
questions and each lecture with six. The questions are meant to measure the ability to understand main ideas, important details, implications, relationships between ideas,
organization of information, speaker purpose and speaker attitude.
The Speaking section consists of six tasks: two independent tasks and four integrated tasks. In the two independent tasks, test-takers answer opinion questions on familiar topics. They are evaluated on their ability to speak spontaneously and convey their ideas clearly and coherently.
In two of the integrated tasks, test-takers read a short passage, listen to an academic course lecture or a conversation about campus life and answer a question by combining appropriate information from the text and the talk. In the two remaining integrated tasks, test-takers listen to
an academic course lecture or a conversation about campus life and then respond to a question about what they heard. In the integrated tasks, test-takers are evaluated on their ability to appropriately synthesize and effectively convey information from the reading and listening material.
Test-takers may take notes as they read and listen and may use their notes to help prepare their responses. Test-takers are given a short preparation time before they have to begin speaking. The responses are digitally recorded, sent to ETS’s Online Scoring Network (OSN) and evaluated by three to six raters.
The Writing section measures a test taker’s ability to write in an
academic setting and consists of two tasks: one integrated task and one independent task. In the integrated task, test-takers read a passage on an academic topic and then listen to a speaker discuss the same topic. The test-taker will then write a summary about the important points in the listening passage and explain how these relate to the key points of the reading passage.In the independent task, the test-taker must write an essay that
states, explains, and supports their opinion on an issue, supporting
their opinions or choices, rather than simply listing personal
preferences or choices. Responses are sent to the ETS OSN and evaluated
by four raters.
INTERNET BASED SORE
The iBT version of the TOEFL test is scored on a scale of 0 to 120
• Each of the four sections (Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing) receives a scaled score from 0 to 30. The scaled scores from the four sections are added together to determine the total score.
• Each speaking question is initially given a score of 0 to 4, and each
writing question is initially given a score of 0 to 5. These scores are
converted to scaled scores of 0 to 30.
ACCEPTED TOEFL SCORES
Most schools use TOEFL scores as only one factor in their admission
process. Each univerty or program within a college often has a minimum TOEFL score required. The minimum TOEFL iBT scores range from 61 to 100 .Most centers conducting A level training also conduct TOEFL exams in nigeria
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